Shipwrecks: Past & Present

Shipwrecks of April 9

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Shipwrecks of April 9






There are well over fifty shipwrecks in Today’s Shipwrecks™ list for April 9. Most of them have never been found. I have left out lots of wrecks that I have information on, but, as usual, I am short of time. I will post more later. If you are seeing this in a post other than on Shipwrecks.com, you can read more at http://shipwrecks.com/shipwrecks-of-april-9/. Dive safe — Lee

 Today’s Shipwrecks™
for April 9

compiled and edited by Dr. E. Lee Spence

1805: On April 9, 1805, a French armed schooner of 7 guns was driven ashore on the island of San Domingo and sunk by the British schooner Gracieuse, 12 guns, commanded by Midshipman John Bernhard Smith. It seems the French had approached to within a musket-shot of HMS Graciuse and opened fire with their muskets and guns. The French made two attempts at boarding but both were repelled by the British. The schooner then made for the land firing her stern-chasers. Graciuse followed, firing grape and canister, until the schooner ran ashore on Point Vizoa. When Smith approached in a boat with intention of hauling the schooner off he found that, because of so many shot holes “between wind and water,” the schooner had completely filled. The following morning Smith’s men took off a beautiful, long, brass 12-pounder and destroyed the vessel. Graciuse’s victim was the French goélette Département du Nord.

3 Masted Schooner

Three Masted Schooner

1863: The steamer Barrosa (or Berosa), Captain W.F. Adair, was abandoned in the Gulf Stream, latitude 29°50′ North, longitude 79°50′ West, after it started taking on water and all pumping and bailing failed. Captain Adair, Mr. J.W. Elder, one of the owners, Mr. S. Crib, mate, and Messrs. Williamson, Dye and Clear, engineers, with one of the firemen, arrived in Charleston, on April 10, 1863, from the Edisto, by the Savannah Railroad, under an escort from Lt. Col. Miller’s Battalion, by whom they were taken in custody on their reaching Governor Aiken’s place on Pon Pon (Edisto). The Barrosa had sailed from St. Mary’s, Georgia, on April 8, 1863.

1916: The Danish freighter Caledonia was sunk in the Mediterranean Sea 23 nautical miles south southeast of the Le Titan Lighthouse, Île du Levant, Var, France (42°34’N 6°44’E) by the German submarine U-39. Her crew survived.

1916: The British freighter Eastern City was shelled and sunk in the Atlantic Ocean 18 nautical miles north by west of Ouessant (Ushant), Finistère, France by the German submarine U-66. Her crew survived.

1916: The British cargo ship Glenalmond was torpedoed and sunk in the Atlantic Ocean 27 nautical miles north of Ushant by the German submarine U-66. Her crew survived.

1916: The Russian sailing vessel Gryoz was sunk in the Black Sea by the German submarine UB-7. Her crew survived.

1916: The Norwegian coaster Sjolyst was sunk in the Atlantic Ocean, 25 nautical miles north of Ushant, by the German submarine U-66. Her crew survived.

1916: During the night of April 9, 1916, he British ocean liner/transport steamer Avon struck a mine and sank in the Thames Estuary 2.5 nautical miles southeast by south of the Tongue Lightship (latitude 51°29′ north, longitude 1°26’30”E) with the loss of two lives. She was built in 1894 by Wigham Richardson & Sons Ltd., Newcastle-Upon-Tyne, was 1,574 gross tons, 287′ in length, 36.5′ in breadth, and 17′ depth of hold. She had twin screws and was powered by a pair of quadruple expansion steam engines, with 4 boilers. She was owned by the Carron Line at Grangemouth. The wreck lays in 45 to 60′ of water.

1917: The British coaster Cairnie dragged her anchors, collided with another vessel and sank. Her crew were rescued.

1917: The French cargo ship Esterel was sunk in the Mediterranean Sea off Port-Vendres, (latitude 42°39′ north, longitude 3°30’E) by the German submarine U-52.

1917: The Norwegian barque Fremad I was sunk in the North Sea 200 nautical miles off Lindesnes, Vest-Agder (latitude 58°47′ north, longitude 0°52′ east) by the German submarine U-59. Her crew survived.

1917: The Russian cargo ship Ganslei was sunk in Kola Bay (latitude 69°19′ north, longitude 33°31’E) by the German submarine U-75.

1917: The British cargo ship Kittiwake was torpedoed and sunk in the North Sea 25 nautical miles northwest of the Dutch Maas Lightship (latitude 52°15′ north, longitude 3°18′ east) by the German submarine UB-30 with the loss of seven crew.

1917: The British naval trawler Ortho struck a mine and sank in the North Sea off Lowestoft, Suffolk (latitude 52°23′ north, longitude 1°52’30” east) with the loss of a crew member.

1917: The French sailing vessel Saint Maudez was sunk in the English Channel 10 nautical miles north northwest of Fécamp, Seine-Maritime by the German submarine UB-39.

1917: The Greek cargo ship Themistoclis was sunk in the Atlantic Ocean 100 nautical miles off Pointe Saint-Mathieu, Finistère, France by the German submarine UC-71.1917: The Norwegian cargo ship Valhall was sunk in the Atlantic Ocean 30 nautical miles north of the Pierres Noires, Finistère by the German submarine UC-71. Her crew survived.

1918: The British naval trawler Annie Smith was lost.

1918: The Portuguese cargo ship Aveiro was sunk in the Mediterranean (latitude 36°24′ north, longitude 18°06′ east) by the German submarine UB-53. Her crew was saved.

1918: The British naval trawler Lord Hardinge collided with another vessel and sank in the Irish Sea off the Daunt Lightship.

1918: The French cargo ship President Leroy-Iallier was torpedoed and sunk in the Atlantic Ocean 15 nautical miles (28 km) north west of Ushant, Finistère (latitude 48°50′ north, longitude 5°13′ west) by the German submarine UB-109 with the loss of 26 of her crew.

1918: The Liberian auxiliary sailing vessel President Howard was sunk in the Atlantic Ocean off Monrovia by German submarine U-154.

1918: The Norwegian cargo ship Vasconia struck a mine and sank in the Mediterranean Sea north of Alexandria, Egypt with the loss of seven of her crew.

1939: The Danish cargo ship Asnæs collided with the German vessel Butt in the Kiel Canal, Germany and was beached. A Lloyd’s Open Form contract for her salvage was annulled by the company appointed to salvage her due to the situation the ship was in. She was formally abandoned by her owners leaving the canal authorities to arrange salvage on a special contract.

1940: The Norwegian A-class submarine A-2 was attacked by the Germa R boats R-22 and R-23 in Oslofjord off Tønsberg and was damaged beyond repair.

Wreck of the Norwegian Sleipner class destroyer Æger

Wreck of the Norwegian Sleipner class destroyer Æger,
shortly after she was bombed by German planes

1940: The Norwegian Sleipner-class destroyer Æger was bombed and sunk off Stavanger during Operation Weserübung, by Luftwaffe aircraft, with the loss of eight of her 75 crew.

1940: The German Raubvogel-class torpedo boat Albatros was sunk during the Invasion of Norway.

1940: The German navy cargo ship Amasis was torpedoed and sunk off Måseskär, Sweden (latitude 58°13′ north, longitude 11°13′ east) by HMS Sunfish. All 51 crew were rescued.

1940: The German Admiral Hipper-class cruiser Blücher was sunk in Oslofjord, Norway, during the Battle of Drøbak Sound, by Norwegian coastal artillery and shore-based torpedoes with the loss of around 1,000 of her 1,382 crew.

1940: The German cargo ship Bockenheim was scuttled off Narvik, Norway, during the start of Operation Weserübung, by her crew who mistakenly believed that the German destroyers attacking Narvik were British.

1940: The Swedish fishing vessel Dagny struck a mine and sank north of Hantsholm, Norway with the loss of six crew.

1940:  The Norwegian coastal defence ship Eidsvold was torpedoed off Narvik during the First battle of Narvik, by the German navy vessel Wilhelm Heidkamp, and sunk with the loss of 175 of her 181 crew.

1940: The British Tribal-class destroyer Gurkha was bombed and sunk in the North Sea south east of Bergen, Norway, by Luftwaffe aircraft, during Operation Weserübung, with the loss of 15 of her 219 crew.

1940: The K-class cruiser Karlsruhe was torpedoed in the Skagerrak near Kristiansand, Norway, during Operation Weserübung, by HMS Truant and was severely damaged. She was subsequently scuttled by the German navy ship Greif.

1940: The German navy tanker Kattegat was scuttled in Glomfjord, Ørnes, Norway whilst under attack from the Norwegian minesweeper Nordkapp.

1940: The German navy supply ship Main was captured in the North Sea, off Haugesund, Norway, during Operation Weserübung by the Norwegian destroyer Draug. She was later bombed and severely damaged by Luftwaffe aircraft and was scuttled by the Draug.

1940: The Norwegian Eidsvold-class coastal defense ship Norge was torpedoed and sunk off Narvik during the First Battle of Narvik by the German warship Bernd von Arnim, with the loss of 101 of her 191 crew.

1940: The German navy R boat R-17 was shelled and sunk off Horten, Norway by the Norwegian minesweepers Rauma and Olav Tryggvason.

Sinking of German steamship Roda

German steamship Roda sinking

1940: The German navy supply ship Roda was captured off Stavanger, Norway, during Operation Weserübung by HNoMS Æger of the Royal Norwegian Navy and sunk.

1940: The German navy supply ship Sao Paulo struck a mine off Bergen, Norway (latitude 60°30′ north, longitude 5°10′ east) Operation Weserübung and sank.

1940: During Operation Weserübung, the German cargo liner Seattle was sunk off Kristiansand, Norway by Norwegian coastal artillery.

1940: The Norwegian cutter Sørland was shelled and set on fire in Oslofjord during the Battle of Drøbak Sound by R-18 and R-19 and was beached with the loss of two of her five crew. She was a total loss.

1940: The Norwegian Sleipner-class destroyer Tor was scuttled off Fredrikstad to avoid capture by German forces during Operation Weserübung. She was salvaged by the Germans, repaired and entered service as Tiger. She survived the war and was taken back into Royal Norwegian Navy service as Tor in 1945.

1941: The Norwegian tanker Buesten was bombed and sunk in the English Channel 4 nautical miles (7.4 km) south east of Berry Head, Devon by Luftwaffe aircraft with the loss of 28 crew.

1941: The British cargo ship Craftsman was shelled and sunk in the Atlantic Ocean (latitude 0°32′ north, longitude 23°37′ west) by the German ship Kormoran, with the loss of six of her 49 crew. The survivors were taken as prisoners of war.

1941: The British Royal Navy examination ship D’Arcy Cooper was bombed and sunk at Harwich, Essex by Luftwaffe aircraft with the loss of three crew.

1941: The British freighter Dudley Rose was bombed and sunk in the English Channel 4 nautical miles (7.4 km) south east of Berry Head by Luftwaffe aircraft. All crew were rescued.

1941: The British tanker Duffield was torpedoed and sunk in the Atlantic Ocean (latitude 31°13′ north, longitude 23°40’W by the German submarine U-107, with the loss of 25 of her 53 crew.

1941: The British cargo ship Harpathian was torpedoed and sunk in the Atlantic Ocean (latitude 32°22′ north, longitude 22°53′ west) by the German submarine U-107, with the loss of four of her 43 crew.

1941: The Royal National Lifeboat  John Pyemont was bombed and sunk at Tynemouth, Northumberland by Luftwaffe aircraft.

1941: The British tanker Lunula struck a mine and was damaged at Thameshaven, Essex. She was declared a constructive total loss.

1941: The British auxiliary minesweeper HMT Marmion was bombed and sunk at Harwich by Luftwaffe aircraft. Refloated on 10 May and beached, subsequently scrapped at Tilbury.

1941: The Dutch cargo ship Prins Willem II, which was lagging behind the Convoy HX-117, was torpedoed and sunk in the Atlantic Ocean (latitude 59°50′ north, longitude 24°25′ west) by the German submarine U-98 with the loss of three of her 25 crew. Survivors were rescued by the Swedish ship Klipparen and British ship Tuscan Star.

1942: The American tanker Atlas was torpedoed and sunk in the Atlantic Ocean off Cape Lookout, North Carolina (latitude 34°27′ north, longitude 76°16′ west) by the German submarine U-552 with the loss of two of her 34 crew. Survivors were rescued by a United States Coast Guard cutter.

1942: The Norwegian cargo ship Benwood collided with American ship Robert C. Tuttle in the Atlantic Ocean north east of Molasses Reef, Florida. She grounded on Alligator Reef, but slid off and sank on 14 April.

1942: The American cargo ship Esparta was torpedoed and sunk in the Atlantic Ocean (latitude 30°46′ north, longitude 81°11′ west) by the German submarine U-123 with the loss of one of her 40 crew. Survivors were rescued by USS Tyrer.

1942: The Norwegian cargo ship Fanefield, while part of Convoy UR-17, was torpedoed and sunk in the Atlantic Ocean south of Iceland, by the German submarine U-252, with the loss of all 24 people on board.

1942: The British aircraft carrier Hermes was sunk in the Indian Ocean east of Ceylon by Japanese aircraft with the loss of 307 crew.

1942: The British, Flower-class corvette, HMS Hollyhock, was bombed and sunk in the Indian Ocean east of Ceylon by Japanese aircraft.

1942: The American cargo ship Malchace was torpedoed and sunk in the Atlantic Ocean 25 nautical miles (46 km) off Cape Lookout, North Carolina (latitude 34°28′ north, longitude 75°56′ west) by the German submarine U-160 with the loss of one of her 29 crew. Survivors were rescued by the Brazillian vessel Faja de Oro.

1942: The Bagaduce-class fleet tug Napa was scuttled off Corregidor Island, Philippines.

1942: The Norwegian cargo ship Norviken was bombed and near missed in the Indian Ocean by aircraft from Japanese carrier Akagi with the loss of four of her 46 crew. She was abandoned and came ashore the next day at Timkovie, Ceylon, later catching fire and breaking in two.

1942: The Australian V-class destroyer Vampire was sunk in the Indian Ocean east of Ceylon by Japanese aircraft with the loss of nine crew.

1943: The French cargo ship Bamanko was torpedoed and sunk in the Atlantic Ocean off Dakar, Senegal (latitude 14°57′ north, longitude 17°15′ west) by the German submarine U-515 with the loss of six crew.

1943: The Japanese Fubuki-class destroyer Isonami was torpedoed and sunk in the Banda Sea 35 nautical miles (65 km) south east of Wangi-wangi Island, Indonesia (latitude 5°26′ south, longitude 123°04′ east) by USS Tautog, with the loss of seven of her 219 crew.

1943: The Japanese cargo ship Penang Maru was torpedoed and sunk in the Banda Sea by USS Tautog.

U.S. submarine Tautog

U.S. submarine Tautog

1943: The Japanese cargo ship Shanghai Maru was torpedoed and sunk in the Isla Verde Passage by USS Grayling.

1943: The German Type VIIC submarine U-733 collided with another U-boat and sank at Gotenhafen, West Prussia. She was raised, repaired and returned to service.

1944: The Japanese cargo ship Bisaku Maru was torpedoed and sunk in the Pacific Ocean off the Mariana Islands by the American submarine Seahorse.

U-515 sinking by the bow

U-515 sinking by the bow

1944: The German Type IXC submarine U-515 was depth charged and damaged in the Atlantic Ocean by USS Chatelain, USS Flaherty, USS Pillsbury and USS Pope. She surfaced, and was then bombed, shelled and sunk by the four destroyers and by Grumman TBF Avenger and Grumman F4F Wildcat aircraft based on USS Guadalcanal with the loss of sixteen of her 60 crew. The USS Pope gave the location of the sinking as latitude 340°30’ North, Longitude 190°30’ West.

1945: The Deutschland-class pocket battleship Admiral Scheer was sunk in a Royal Air Force air raid on Kiel, Schleswig-Holstein.

1945: The German cargo ship Carsten Russ was bombed and sunk by aircraft in the Skagerrak.

1945: The American Liberty ship Charles Henderson exploded and sank at Bari, Apulia, Italy while she was unloading her cargo of ammunition.

1945: The German minesweeper M-19 was bombed off Kiel, Germany, and was beached.

1945: The Samida, a British Liberty ship, was torpedoed and sunk in the English Channel off Dungeness, Kent by a German submarine.

1945: The American cargo ship St. Mihiel, which was part of Convoy CU 65, collided with the Nashbulk in the Atlantic Ocean caught fire and was abandoned.

1945: The German Type IXC/40 submarines U-804 and U-843 were sunk in the Kattegat off Gothenburg, Sweden (latitude 57°58′ north, longitude 11°15′ east) by de Havilland Mosquito aircraft of 143 Squadron and 235 Squadron, Royal Air Force with the loss of all 55 crew.

1945: The German Type VIIC submarine U-982 was bombed and destroyed at Hamburg in a Royal Air Force air raid.

1945: The German Type VIIC/41 submarine U-1065 was sunk in the Skaggerak (latitude 57°58′ north, longitude 11°15′ east) by a rocket attack by de Havilland Mosquito aircraft of 143 and 235 Squadrons, Royal Air Force with the loss of all 45 crew.

1945: The German Type XXI submarine U-2516 was sunk at Kiel in an Allied air raid. The wreck was scrapped post-war.

NOTE: This is by no means meant to be a complete list of the vessels lost on April 9, as there have been thousands of ships lost for every day of the year. All of the above entries have been edited (shortened) and come from various editions of Spence’s List™. The original lists usually give additional data and sources. Those lists are being updated and are or will be made available for a fee elsewhere on this site.

© 2013 by Dr. E. Lee Spence for composition, content and compilation.






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MissDirect says:

What was the first wreck you found?