1854 Wreck of the Delia Maria






 

 

Medallion made by Dr. Spence commemorating the loss of the Delia Maria, rests over the approximate location of the wreck on Spence's map of "Shipwrecks of Hilton Head Island & Vicinity"

Pewter medallion made by Dr. Spence commemorating the loss of the ship Delia Maria, rests over the approximate location of the wreck on Dr. E. Lee Spence’s map of Shipwrecks of Hilton Head & Vicinity.

Overview: American merchant ship Delia Maria

(wrecked off Hilton Head in 1854)

Copyright © 2017 by Edward Lee Spence, all rights reserved
The Delia Maria was a two-decked, three-masted, square-rigged sailing ship. She measured 138′ in length, 38′ in breadth and 15′ in depth of hold. Her cargo capacity was rated at 583 tons.
She was lost during a hurricane on September 7, 1854, while on a voyage from Liverpool, England, to Charleston, South Carolina. The wreck took place on the outer edge of a shoal called “Gaskin’s Bank” about 3.5 miles off Hilton Head Island, South Carolina.
No lives were lost in the disaster. Had lives been lost on the Delia Maria, it might have changed the course of history, for among her passengers was her owner, George Trenholm. George Trenholm lived to become Treasurer of the Confederate States of America and was said to have been the brains behind the Confederacy’s thousands of successful runs through the Federal Blockade during the War Between the States. Trenholm was also the historical basis behind Margaret Mitchell’s dashing blockade runner, Rhett Butler, in her Pulitzer Prize winning novel Gone With The Wind.
The identity of the wreck became obscured with the passage of the years and, by the time Hilton Head Island had developed into a resort, sport fishermen had already started calling the wreck “The Railroad Barge.” They called her that because of the large numbers of iron rails, which could be seen in the shallow waters covering the wreck. Fishermen and divers visiting the wreck were ignorant of her true identity and incorrectly assumed her to be worthless.
In 1974 the wreck was correctly identified as the Delia Maria by underwater archeologist Edward Lee Spence. Although she doesn’t have sunken treasure in the form of gold and coins, Dr. Spence’s research showed that, in addition to the iron rails, the ship carried a valuable cargo of merchandise and hardware. The Delia Maria’s cargo is known to have included tons of: bottled beer, ale and wine; fine china and cheap crockery; decorative tiles; roofing slate; crystal; pots and pans; flatware and hollowware; guns and gun-flints; children’s toys; and assorted merchandise, hardware and sundries.
In August 1984, Spence entered into an agreement William Glenn whereby Glenn purchased Spence’s research and certain rights Spence already had in the Delia Maria. Shortly thereafter, Glenn transferred the research and rights to Shipwrecks, Inc., the General Partner in a Limited Partnership Agreement the two had set up. Under those agreements, in addition to his ownership interest in Shipwrecks Inc. and the Limited Partnership, Spence retained exclusive ownership of 10% of any artifacts recovered from the wreck.
In September of 1984, Shipwrecks Inc. began active diving and salvage on the Delia Maria. Shipwrecks Inc. laid formal claim under the Law of Finds and the Law of Salvage to the wreckage of the Delia Maria when it filed papers with the Federal District Court in October of 1984. A large number and variety of artifacts were recovered.
Spence and Shipwrecks Inc. still have ownership rights to the wreck and its artifacts.
Delia Maria shipwreck artifact certificate

Artifact certificate with a small ceramic tile and part of a dinner plate salvaged from the ship Delia Maria, which was wrecked in 1854, while carrying a valuable cargo.

CONTEMPORARY ACCOUNT OF THE LOSS OF THE SHIP DELIA MARIA

The “Charleston Mercury” (Charleston, South Carolina), #9465, September 14, 1854, page 2, column 2, carried the following account:
Safety of the Crew and Passengers of the Delia Maria
            The deep anxiety which has pervaded the city since the disappearance of the ship Delia Maria from off the bar on Thursday last, in regard to the fate of the persons on board, and which was greatly increased by news of her wreck without any information as to their safety, was happily relieved yesterday by the arrival in the cars from Augusta of Captain Pierce, her commander, Mr. F. Burroughs, pilot, and Mr. Trenholm, one of her passengers, who brought intelligence of the entire safety of the crew and passengers. The ship was run down towards the (Charleston, South Carolina) Bar at noon on Wednesday, 6th Inst. (September 6, 1854) but finding the sea breaking all across the entrance, it was deemed imprudent to venture in. The weather looking very threatening, and the wind blowing heavy, it was thought best to run offshore. The gale continuing to increase, about midday carried away the topgallant masts, when it was found necessary to cut away the topmasts and let the ship drift. On Friday she went ashore on the Gaston Bank, striking heavily with a powerful sea on. The vessel soon filled, and became unmanageable. On Saturday, the gale abating, the entire passengers and crew succeeded in reaching the neighboring island of Hilton Head. Messrs. Pierce, Burroughs and Trenholm made the best of their way to Savannah, and thence via Augusta, home. The rest of the crew and passengers will probably reach the city by the next trip of the Beaufort steamer.
REFERENCES TO ADDITIONAL CONTEMPORARY ACCOUNTS OR DOCUMENTS RELATING TO THE SHIP DELIA MARIA
“Record of Registers,” (bound manuscript, abstracts), Volume 12, pp. 47, 280, National Archives Record Group 41

“Permanent Register #18,” (Charleston, South Carolina), November 1, 1854, (loose manuscript), National Archives Record Group 41
Times, (London, England), #21858, September 28, 1854, (Ship News-Liverpool-Sept. 27), p. 7, c. 3; p. 10, c. 4
“Vessel Disasters, 1854,” (bound annotated clipping file, Atlantic Mutual Insurance Companies of New York, Marine Library), Volume 7, pp. 53, 59
“Charleston Daily Courier,” (Charleston, S.C.), #16729, May 19, 1854, p. 4, c. 4
“Charleston Daily Courier,” (Charleston, S.C.), #16807, August 19, 1854, p. 4, c. 3
“Charleston Mercury,” (Charleston, S.C.), #9464, September 13, 1854, p. 2, c. 2
“Charleston Daily Courier,” (Charleston, S.C.), #16828, September 14, 1854, p. 2, c. 2; p. 4, c. 4
“Charleston Daily Courier,” (Charleston, S.C.), #16830, September 16, 1854, p. 2, c. 2
“Charleston Mercury,” (Charleston, S.C.), #9468, September 18, 1854, p. 3, c. 1
“Charleston Daily Courier,” (Charleston, S.C.), #16831, September 18, 1854, p. 4, c. 4
“Charleston Daily Courier,” (Charleston, S.C.), #16836, September 25, 1854, p. 3, c. 7 (advertisement)
“Charleston Daily Courier,” (Charleston, S.C.), #16839, September 28, 1854, p. 3, c. 7 (advertisement)
“Charleston Daily Courier,” (Charleston, S.C.), #16840, September 29, 1854, p. 3, c. 1 (advertisement)
“Charleston Daily Courier,” (Charleston, S.C.), #16842, October 2, 1854, p. 3, c. 7 (advertisement)
“Charleston Daily Courier,” (Charleston, S.C.), #16844, October 4, 1854, p. 3, c. 7 (advertisement)
“Charleston Daily Courier,” (Charleston, S.C.), #16845, October 5, 1854, p. 3, c. 7 (advertisement)
“Charleston Daily Courier,” (Charleston, S.C.), #16847, October 7, 1854, p. 3, c. 7 (advertisement)
“Charleston Daily Courier,” (Charleston, S.C.), #16848, October 9, 1854, p. 3, c. 7 (advertisement)
“Charleston Daily Courier,” (Charleston, S.C.), #16849, October 10, 1854, p. 3, c. 7 (advertisement)
“Charleston Daily Courier,” (Charleston, S.C.), #16854, October 16, 1854, p. 3, c. 7 (advertisement)
“Charleston Daily Courier,” (Charleston, S.C.), #16855, October 17, 1854, p. 3, c. 7 (advertisement)
“Charleston Daily Courier,” (Charleston, S.C.), #16857, October 19, 1854, p. 3, c. 4 (advertisement)
“Charleston Daily Courier,” (Charleston, S.C.), #16859, October 21, 1854, p. 3, c. 7 (advertisement)
“Charleston Daily Courier,” (Charleston, S.C.), #16864, October 27, 1854, p. 3, c. 7 (advertisement)
“Charleston Daily Courier,” (Charleston, S.C.), #16867, October 31, 1854, p. 3, c. 6 (advertisement)
“Charleston Daily Courier,” (Charleston, S.C.), #16879, November 14, 1854, p. 3, c. 7 (advertisement)
“Charleston Daily Courier,” (Charleston, S.C.), #16885, November 21, 1854, p. 3, c. 6 (advertisement)
“Charleston Daily Courier,” (Charleston, S.C.), #16899, December 9, 1854, p. 3, c. 7 (advertisement)
“Charleston Daily Courier,” (Charleston, S.C.), #16910, December 20, 1854, p. 3, c. 7 (advertisement)
“Charleston Daily Courier,” (Charleston, S.C.), #16930, January 16, 1855, p. 3, c. 3 (advertisement)
(Note: The above advertisements deal with the sale of goods salvaged from the wreck of the Delia Maria by contemporary salvors.)
See Also: Shipwrecks of South Carolina and Georgia: 1523-1865, Edward Lee Spence, Sea Research Society, 1984, pages 557, 558, 694-709

CARGO (The following list is a breakdown of the cargo of the Delia Maria by type, showing quantity and consignee. It was prepared from an article published in the “Charleston Mercury.”)

Type                                   Quantity           Consignee
Anvils                                     26                   Adams & Frost
Anvils                                       8                   S.N. & H.N. Hart
Anvils                                     72                   J.E. Adger
Bagging                                 27 bales         C.T. Mitchel & Co.
Bagging                                 10 bales         Birnie & Ogilvie
Bagging                                   4 packages  J. & S.P. Ravenel & Co
Bagging to order                   8 bales         Rankin, Pulliam & Co.
Beer                                     100 bbls           Fraser & Co.
Biscuits                                   2 cases         Osborne, Syme & Co.
Blankets                                18 bales         A. McDowall & Co.
Blankets                                  5 bales         Gilliland, Howell & Co
Blankets                                18 bales         J. Adger
Blankets                                15 bales         Bancroft, Betts & Co.
Blankets                                  5 bales         Hyatt, McBurney & Co.
Blankets                                  2 cases        Hyatt, McBurney & Co.
Blankets                                19 bales         Huger & Milliken
Bleaching Powder               64 casks        Walker, Williman & Co.
Books                                        1 case          Rev. Dr. Smith
Chains                                    21 casks        Clark, Hyde & Co.
Earthenware to order           1 cask          M. King
Earthenware to order           3 crates       J. & S.P. Ravenel & Co.
Earthenware to order           2 hhds         J.& S.P. Ravenel & Co.
Earthenware                       175 crates      Cameron, Webb & Co.
Earthenware                         10 hhds        Cameron, Webb & Co.
Earthenware                         11 tierces      Cameron, Webb & Co.
Earthenware                           1 hhd           Brown & Stone
Earthenware                        27 crates        Brown & Stone
Fish                                          1 bushel       C. Edmundson
Floor Cloth to order             6 cases         Johnston, Crews & Co.
Fossils                                     7 cases          M. King
Glassware                             13 casks         Brown & Stone
Guns                                        1 case           Courtney, Tennant & Co.
Hardware                               1 bundle      Adams & Frost
Hardware                            22 casks         Adams & Frost
Hardware                              2 casks         H.F. Strohecker
Hardware                              7 casks          J. Gravely & Co.
Hardware                              2 cases          J. Gravely & Co.
Hardware                              5 casks          Cameron, Webb & Co.
Hardware                              2 casks          Douglas Nesbit & Co.
Hardware                              2 cases           Douglas Nesbit & Co.
Hardware                            24 casks          Clark, Hyde & Co.
Hardware                               1 blanket      Clark, Hyde & Co.
Hardware                             41 casks          J.E. Adger
Hardware                               1 cask            J. Adger
Hardware                               4 cases          S.N. & H.N. Hart
Hardware                             14 casks          S.N. & H.N. Hart
Hardware                             19 casks          Bones & Brown
Hardware                              2 cases           Bones & Brown
Hardware                            25 packages    Courtney, Tennant Co.
Holloware                             2 casks           S.N. & H.N. Hart
Holloware                             1 crate            S.N. & H.N. Hart
Holloware                             2 casks           Bones & Brown
Holloware                             4 casks           Clark, Hyde & Co.
Holloware                             2 casks           J.E. Adger
Holloware                             1 bales            J.E. Adger
Iron                                  208 bars              S.N. & H.N. Hart
Iron bars                         227 bundles        S.N. & H.N. Hart
Iron hoops                         13 bundles       S.N. & H.N. Hart
Iron sheets                          9 bundles       S.N. & H.N. Hart
Iron                                  905 bars             J. & S.P. Ravenel & Co.
Iron                                  304 bars            Fisher & Agnew
Iron                                    12 bundles       Fisher & Agnew
Iron bars to order          121 bundles       J. & S.P. Ravenel & Co.
Iron to order               1306 rails              J. Gravely & Co.
Iron                                         pig iron       Lockwood & Johnson
Iron                                         pig iron       Cameron, Mustard & Co.
Merchandise                     4 cases             J. Russell
Merchandise                     3 boxes            A. Bell & Son
Merchandise                     1 box                Johnston, Crews & Co.
Merchandise                     1 box                Dewing, Thayer & Co.
Merchandise                     1 box                Rankin, Pulliam & Co.
Merchandise                     3 cases            Rankin, Pulliam & Co.
Merchandise                     41 packages    Johnston, Crews & Co.
Merchandise                     39 cases          Johnston, Crews & Co.
Merchandise                     6 bales            Johnston, Crews & Co.
Merchandise                     3 cases            Johnston, Crews & Co.
Merchandise                     3 bales            Browning & Leman
Merchandise                     5 bales            Bancroft, Betts & Co
Merchandise                     5 cases            Bancroft, Betts & Co.
Merchandise                   25 cases            Hyatt, McBurney & Co.
Merchandise                     3 bales            Hyatt, McBurney & Co.
Merchandise (coarse)     5 cases            Rankin, Pulliam & Co.
Merchandise (coarse)     1 case              Edgerton & Richards
Merchandise (coarse)   16 bales            Browning & Leman
Merchandise (coarse)     1 case              Bancroft, Betts & Co.
Nails                                  8 bags              S.N. & H.N. Hart
Nails                                10 bags              J.E. Adger
Nails                                10 bags              J.E. Adger
Ovens                           492                        S.N. & H.N. Hart
Ovens                           412                        Ewbank & Gantt
Ovens (biscuit)             18                        S.N. & H.N. Hart
Ovens (extra covers)   36                        Ewbank & Gantt
Pans                                  8 bundles        J. Gravely & Co.
Pans                                  3 bundles        Bones & Brown
Pans                                12 bundles        Clark, Hyde & Co.
Personal effects              3 cases             Mattheson, Simons & Co.
Plains                              19 bales             Huger & Milliken
Pots                              997                        S.N. & H.N. Hart
Pots                              772                        Ewbank & Gantt
Rope                                 1 coil                 Cameron, Webb & Co.
Silk                                   1 case                B. Johnson
Slates                    21,300                         Fraser & Co.
Spiders (trivets)       125                          S.N. & H.N. Hart
Spiders (trivets)       510                         S.N. & H.N. Hart
Spiders (trivets)      250                         Ewbank & Gantt
Steel                             14 cases               Clark, Hyde & Co.
Steel                          106 bundles          Clark, Hyde & Co.
Thread                        29 cases               J. & S.P. Ravenel & Co.
Tin                               70 boxes              J.B. Duval
Tin                               12 ingots             J.B. Duval
Toys                              5 cases               Sussdorf & Leiding
Unspecified                1 truss                 Courtney, Tennant & Co.
Vices                            1 basket              Clark, Hyde & Co.
Web                             1 bale                  Courtney, Tennant & Co.
Wine                           8 casks                Minis & Florance
Wire                          10 bundles           J.E. Adger

Note: As shown below through the excerpts of advertisements for the auction of items salvaged from the shipwreck of the Delia Maria, it is clear that the cargo was actually far more diverse than the above list would indicate.

The following extracts were taken from contemporary newspaper accounts and advertisements relating to the sailing/sinking/salvage of the Delia Maria, and the subsequent auctions of her salvaged goods.

  1. “Ready to sail (May 18, 1854): ship Delia Maria, Captain Norton, 683 tons, for Liverpool.”
    Reference for #1: “Charleston Daily Courier,” (Charleston, S.C.), #16729, May 19, 1854, p. 4, c. 4
  1. “Loss of the Delia Maria: The Governor Dudley, of this port, from Havana, brings the unfortunate intelligence that she fell in with, on the 11th instant, about ten o’clock the ship Delia Maria, of this port from Liverpool, ashore, in two and one-half fathoms of water, on the southern side of Gaston Bank — had lost fore mizzen mast, main topmast and jib boom — the water being up to her deck on the starboard side, and the anchor hanging over the bow. There was a large number of trunks on deck, and what appeared to be children’s clothing. Her boats were all gone and it is hoped that her crew and passangers were able to remain by her until the gale abated, in which case they would no doubt be able to reach Hilton Head, or some of the neighboring islands, in their boats. There was a Savannah pilot boat alongside when the Dudley reached her, and they stated that they had discovered the ship in the situation she then was on Sunday. The Delia Maria was the property of Messrs. John Fraser & Company, of this city, and had on board a most valuable assorted cargo.”
    Reference for #2: “Charleston Mercury,” (Charleston, S.C.), #9464, September 13, 1854, p. 2, c. 2
  1. The ship Delia Maria, Captain Pierce, sailed from Liverpool for Charleston, South Carolina, on July 18, 1854.
    Reference for #3: “Charleston Daily Courier,” (Charleston, S.C.), #16807, August 19, 1854, p. 4, c. 3
  1. The “Charleston Mercury” of September 14, 1854, carried the following account. “Safety of the Crew and Passangers of the Delia Maria: The deep anxiety which has pervaded the city since the disappearance of the ship Delia Maria from off the bar on Thursday last, in regard to the fate of the persons on board, and which was greatly increased by news of her wreck without any information as to their safety, was happily relieved yesterday by the arrival in the cars from Augusta of Capt. Pierce, her commander, Mr. F. Burroughs, pilot, and Mr. Trenholm, one of her passangers, who brought intelligence of the entire safety of the crew and passangers. The ship was run down towards the (Charleston, South Carolina) Bar at noon on Wednesday, 6th Inst. (September 6, 1854) but finding the sea breaking all across the entrance, it was deemed imprudent to venture in. The weather looking very threatening, and the wind blowing heavy, it was thought best to run offshore. The gale continuing to increase, about midday carried away the topgallant masts, when it was found necessary to cut away the topmasts, and let the ship drift. On Friday she went ashore on the Gaston Bank, striking heavily with a powerful sea on. The vessel soon filled, and became unmanageable. On Saturday, the gale abating, the entire passangers and crew succeeded in reaching the neighboring island of Hilton Head. Messrs. Pierce, Burroughs and Trenholm made the best of their way to Savannah, and thence via Augusta, home. The rest of the crew and passangers will probably reach the city by the next trip of the Beaufort steamer.”
    References for #4: “Charleston Daily Courier,” (Charleston, S.C.), #16828, September 14, 1854, p. 4, c. 4; “Charleston Mercury,” (Charleston, S.C.), #9465, September 14, 1854, p. 2, c. 2
  1. The following vessels arrived at Charleston, South Carolina, on September 16, 1854, from the wreck of the ship Delia Maria, with “wrecked goods:” schooner A.E. Conklin, Captain Dexter; pilot boat Charleston, Captain Lockwood; pilot boat Chace, Captain McDonald. In each case the goods were shown as consigned “to the Master.”
    References for #5: “Charleston Daily Courier,” (Charleston, S.C.), #16831, September 18, 1854, p. 4, c. 4; “Charleston Mercury,” (Charleston, S.C.), #9468, September 18, 1854, p. 3, c. 1
  1. “Safety of all on Board the Delia Maria: It is with great pleasure that we announce the arrival in this city (Charleston, South Carolina) yesterday (September 13, 1854) of the Captain and crew and passangers of the Delia Maria. They landed at Hilton Head, and from thence proceeded to Bluffton, from which one of the inhabitants kindly sent them to Savannah, which city they left on Tuesday morning. Mr. E.W. Walker’s son went to Beaufort (South Carolina) from Bluffton.”
    Reference for #6: “Charleston Daily Courier,” (Charleston, S.C.), #16828, September 14, 1854, p. 2, c. 2
  1. “We learn from the Savannah ‘Republican’ that quite a quantity of goods in a damaged state was got out of the Delia Maria on Wednesday by the pilot boats G.W. Behn, Captain Thompson, and J.S. Claghory, Captain King, and brought up to Savannah and placed in charge of the collector of the port.”
    Reference for #7: “Charleston Daily Courier,” (Charleston, S.C.), #16830, September 16, 1854, p. 2, c. 2
  1. “Sales at Auction: ‘Wrecked Goods’ by R. & A.P. Caldwell:   On Wednesday, the 27th (September 27, 1854) will be sold, in our store, at half-past 9 o’clock, on account of the underwriters and all concerned, The following Goods saved from the ship Delia Maria: 28 bundles and 54 pair blankets, 42 pieces Plains, 20 bundles Carpeting, 107 pieces Cambric, 7 pieces silk and alpaca, 12 carpet bags, 15 bundles carpet covers, 1 ship’s bell, 1 lot hardware and crockery. conditions cash. Sept. 25.”
    Reference for #8: “Charleston Daily Courier,” (Charleston, S.C.), #16836, September 25, 1854, p. 3, c. 7 (advertisement)
  1. “Sales at Auction: ‘Wrecked Goods’ by R. & A.P. Caldwell:   Tomorrow–the 29th inst. (September 29, 1854) will be sold at half-past 9 o’clock, in Savannah Steam Packet Wharf Stores, on account of the underwriters and all concerned, the following goods saved from the wreck of the ship Delia Maria. 11 pieces Brussels carpeting, 9 pieces 3 ply carpeting, 20 pieces carpeting, 26 rolls bagging. Conditions Cash on Delivery. Sept. 26.”
    Reference for #9: “Charleston Daily Courier,” (Charleston, S.C.), #16839, September 28, 1854, p. 3, c. 7 (advertisement)
  1. “Sales at Auction: ‘Wrecked Goods’ by R. & A.P. Caldwell: Tomorrow–the 29th inst. (September 29, 1854) will be sold at half-past 9 o’clock, in Savannah Steam Packet Wharf Stores, on account of the underwriters and all concerned, the following goods saved from the wreck of the ship Delia Maria.  7 casks chains, 5 boxes tin, 80 pair blacksmith tongs, 8 anvils, 36 pieces tweeds, 14 pieces plains, 220 pieces homespuns, 60 pieces curtain calico, 133 pieces checks, 20 pieces ginghams, 50 pieces colored cambrics, 24 pieces colored alpaca, 63 pieces black alpaca, 83 pieces calico, 160 pair blankets, 100 Cocoa mats, 3 rolls Cocoa matting, about 5000 pounds of assorted steel cross-cut saws, vices, screws, hammers, etc. Conditions Cash on Delivery. Sept. 28.”
    Reference for #10: “Charleston Daily Courier,” (Charleston, S.C.), #16839, September 28, 1854, p. 3, c. 7 (advertisement)
  1. “Sales at Auction: ‘Wrecked Goods’ by R. & A.P. Caldwell: Tomorrow–the 29th inst. (September 29, 1854) will be sold at half-past 9 o’clock, in Savannah Steam Packet Wharf Stores, on account of the underwriters and all concerned, the following goods saved from the wreck of the ship Delia Maria. 907 pieces Hollow Ware, 65 coal scuttles, 12 grate shovels, 41 carpet rugs, 77 pieces calico, 20 pieces alpaca, 34 pieces damasks and velvet, 1 ship’s Hawser, 1 lot loose crockery, etc. Conditions Cash on Delivery. Sept. 26.”
    Reference for #11: “Charleston Daily Courier,” (Charleston, S.C.), #16839, September 28, 1854, p. 3, c. 7 (advertisement)
  1. “Sales at Auction: ‘Wrecked Goods’ by R. & A.P. Caldwell: This day the 29th inst. (September 29, 1854) will be sold at half-past 9 o’clock, in Savannah Steam Packet Wharf Stores, on account of the underwriters and all concerned, saved from the wreck of the ship Delia Maria. 23 cases I. & P. Coates Spool Cotton, also 1 topsail, 1 studding sail, and on account of all concerned, picked up at sea, 3 sails. Conditions Cash on Delivery. Sept. 29.”
    Reference for #12: “Charleston Daily Courier,” (Charleston, S.C.), #16840, September 29, 1854, p. 3, c. 1 (advertisement)
  1. “Sales at Auction: ‘Wrecked Goods’ by R. & A.P. Caldwell: Tomorrow, the 30th inst. (September 30, 1854) will be sold in Palmetto Wharf Stores, at 10 o’clock, on account of the underwriters and all concerned, saved from the wreck of the ship Delia Maria. 4 crates Granite Ware, 1 crate China Ware, 14 iron vises, 15 rolls bagging, 500 blankets, more or less, 54 pieces cambric, 27 pieces merino, 31 pieces calico, 30 shawls, 10 bolts Negro cloth, 32 pieces silk lining, 4000 cotton handkerchiefs, 2 topsails, 1 topgallant sail, 1 ship’s wheel, 1 capstan. Conditions Cash on Delivery. Sept. 29.”
    Reference for #13: “Charleston Daily Courier,” (Charleston, S.C.), #16840, September 29, 1854, p. 3, c. 1 (advertisement)
  1. “Sales at Auction: ‘Wrecked Goods’ by R. & A.P. Caldwell: Tomorrow, the 3rd inst. (October 3, 1854) will be sold, before our store, at half-past 9 o’clock, on account of the underwriters and all concerned, saved from the wreck of the ship Delia Maria. 200 pieces cambric, 100 pieces calicos, 4 pieces silks, 1 ship’s bell, 1 lot wire fenders, 1 lot crockery etc., 1 lot Horse Shoe Nails. Conditions Cash on Delivery. Oct. 2.
    Reference for #14: “Charleston Daily Courier,” (Charleston, S.C.), #16842, October 2, 1854, p. 3, c. 7 (advertisement)
  1. “Sales at Auction: ‘Wrecked Goods’ by R. & A.P. Caldwell: On the 4th inst. (October 4, 1854) will be sold, before our store, at half-past 9 o’clock, on account of the underwriters and all concerned, saved from the wreck of the ship Delia Maria. 140 ps. Blankets, 42 ps. Plains and immediately after 43 ps. carpeting, 40 rugs and mats, 15 bundles Druggets, 2 pieces cocoa carpeting. Conditions Cash on Delivery         Oct. 2.”
    Reference for #15: “Charleston Daily Courier,” (Charleston, S.C.), #16842, October 2, 1854, p. 3, c. 7 (advertisement)
  1. “Sales at Auction: ‘Wrecked Goods’ by R. & A.P. Caldwell: Tomorrow the 5th inst. (October 5, 1854), will be sold at half-past 10 o’clock, in Savannah Steam Packet Wharf Stores, on account of the underwriters and all concerned, saved from the wreck of the ship Delia Maria. 418 hand saws, 71 tennent saws, 74 compass saws, 74 pair blankets, 47 pair colored blankets, 1 piece plains, 5 pieces bagging, 31 pieces alpacas, 29 dozen gilt edge plates, 2 pieces carpeting, 1 lot brass fenders & candlesticks, sets plated dish covers. Conditions Cash on Delivery Oct. 4.”
    Reference for #16: “Charleston Daily Courier,” (Charleston, S.C.), #16844, October 4, 1854, p. 3, c. 7 (advertisement)
  1. “Sales at Auction: ‘Wrecked Goods’ by R. & A.P. Caldwell: This day the 5th inst. (October 5, 1854) will be sold, before our store, at half-past 9 o’clock, on account of all concerned, saved from the wreck of the ship Delia Maria. 1 anchor. Conditions Cash on Delivery Oct. 5.”
    Reference for #17: “Charleston Daily Courier,” (Charleston, S.C.), #16845, October 5, 1854, p. 3, c. 7 (advertisement)
  1. “Sales at Auction: ‘Wrecked Goods’: On Wednesday the 11th inst. (October 11, 1854) will be sold, at 10 o’clock, in Accomadation Wharf Stores, on account of the underwriters and all concerned, saved from the wreck of the ship Delia Maria. 126 pieces colored Plains, 17 pieces White Plains, 16 pieces Kerseys, 59 pieces Alpacas, 58 pieces blankets, 69 pieces Calico, 39 bbls ale. Cond. Cash on Del.                 Oct. 7
    Reference for #17: “Charleston Daily Courier,” (Charleston, S.C.), #16847, October 7, 1854, p. 3, c. 7 (advertisement)
  1. “Sales at Auction: ‘Wrecked Goods’: On Wednesday the 11th inst. (October 11, 1854) will be sold, at 10 o’clock, in Accomadation Wharf Stores, on account of the underwriters and all concerned, saved from the wreck of the ship Delia Maria. 8 bales White & colored Plains, 50 pieces colored plains, 26 pieces striped plains, 17 pieces White Welsh plains, 16 pieces colored Kerseys, 254 pairs blankets, 59 pieces black & colored alpaca, 84 pieces silk fringe, 13 pieces plaid poplin, 32 pieces prints, 5 pieces silk serge and vesting, 13 pieces worsted serge and bombazette, 300 sack salt, 74 Waiters, 1 lot wax dolls, curry combs etc., 1 case steel, 3 vises, etc., also, 4 pieces Velvet Tapestry Carpeting, 19 pieces Brussels carpeting, 13 pieces Kinderminster, 290 rugs, 7 crumb cloths, 1 piece green baize, 1 lot carpet binding, and 2 half pipes Wine, 2 quarter casks Wine, 1 half cask Wine, 30 bbls Tennents ale. Conditions Cash on Del. Oct. 9″
    Reference for #19: “Charleston Daily Courier,” (Charleston, S.C.), #16848, October 9, 1854, p. 3, c. 7 (advertisement)
  1. “Sales at Auction: ‘Wrecked Goods by R. & A.P. Caldwell’: On Thursday, the 12th instant (October 12, 1854), will be sold, in Savannah Steam Packet Wharf Stores, at 11 o’clock on account of the underwriters and all concerned, saved from the ship Delia Maria. 18 pieces Velvet and Tapestry Carpeting, 9 rugs, 150 pairs blankets, 14 pieces alpaca, 380 hand saws, 21 panel saws, 1 lot door springs, 1 lot door locks, 1 lot desk locks, 1 lot candlesticks, 1 lot hoes, 1 lot fenders, 1 lot window cord, 3 corn mills. Conditions cash on del. Oct. 10″
    Reference for #20: “Charleston Daily Courier,” (Charleston, S.C.), #16849, October 10, 1854, p. 3, c. 7 (advertisement)
  1. “Sales at Auction: ‘Wrecked Goods’: Tomorrow, the 17th inst. (October 17, 1854) will be sold, at 10 o’clock, in Accomadation Wharf Stores, on account of all concerned, saved from the wreck of the ship Delia Maria. 39 Rolls bagging, 50 pieces Velvet & Plush, 50 pair blankets, 39 vises, 5 crates crockery, 1 hhd crockery, Chains, knives and forks, chisels, Saws, candlesticks, Saucepans, kettles, 2 sails, 1 capstan, 1 lot rope and rigging. Condit. cash on del.             Oct. 16″
    Reference for #21: “Charleston Daily Courier,” (Charleston, S.C.), #16854, October 16, 1854, p. 3, c. 7 (advertisement)
  1. “Sales at Auction: ‘Wrecked Goods by R. & A.P. Caldwell’: On Thursday, the 19th instant (October 19, 1854), will be sold, in Savannah Steam Packet Wharf Stores, at half past 10 o’clock on account of the underwriters and all concerned, saved from the wreck of the Delia Maria. 46 boxes Coate’s spool cotton, 45 pieces plains, 40 pieces broad cloth, 130 pieces black alpaca, 100 pieces colored and plain alpaca, 40 pieces black serge, 200 pieces Muslin & cambric, 100 pieces paper, 350 pieces calico and checks, 100 pieces curtain calico, 200 pieces shirting, 100 pair horse blankets, 10 pieces bagging, 12 rolls velvet and tapestry carpeting, 3 cases gloves, About 100 pr. blankets some fine rose, 2 cask chains, 3 crates crockery, 2 chain cables, 5 sails, 6 large water casks, 1 hawser, 3000 slates, Cond. cash on del. Oct. 17″
    Reference for #22: “Charleston Daily Courier,” (Charleston, S.C.), #16855, October 17, 1854, p. 3, c. 7 (advertisement)
  1. “Sales at Auction: ‘Wrecked Goods’: Tomorrow, the 20th instant (October 20, 1854), will be sold, in Accomadation Wharf Stores at half past 9 o’clock, on account of the underwriters and all concerned, saved from the Delia Maria. 11 boxes Coate’s spool Cotton, 60 pieces Muslins, 6 bales bagging, 30 Vises, 1 lot crockery, Holloware, candlesticks, dish covers,, locks, kettles, hoes, etc. etc. and 7000 slates. Conditions cash on delivery. October 19″
    Reference for #23: “Charleston Daily Courier,” (Charleston, S.C.), #16857, October 19, 1854, p. 3, c. 4 (advertisement)
  1. “Sales at Auction: ‘Wrecked Goods by R. & A.P. Caldwell’: On Tuesday the 24th inst. (October 24, 1854), will be sold, at half-past 10 o’clock, in store on Commercial Wharf, on account of underwriters and all concerned, saved from the wreck of the ship Delia Maria. 703 pairs blankets, 333 pieces calico, 11 pieces pilot cloth, 115 rolls bagging, 67 pieces muslin, 8 cases Coate’s spool cotton, 81 pieces furniture calico, 18 pieces Negro cloth, 20 pieces black velvet, 1 crate crockery, 3 casks glassware, 8 casks floor tiles, 239 saws, 800 pieces holloware, 18 vises, Kettles, saucepans, digesters, Chisels, knives and forks, Hinges, shovels, tinware, 8 pieces Brussels carpeting, 1 ship’s anchor, 1 lot standing rigging. Cond. cash on del.                 October 21″
    Reference for #24: “Charleston Daily Courier,” (Charleston, S.C.), #16859, October 21, 1854, p. 3, c. 7 (advertisement)
  1. “Sales at Auction: ‘Wrecked Goods by R. & A.P. Caldwell’: Tomorrow, 28th inst. (October 28, 1854), will be sold at half-past 9 o’clock, Commercial Wharf Stores, on account of underwriters and all concerned, saved from the wreck of the ship Delia Maria. 100 rolls bagging, 9 pieces carpeting, 6 boxes Coate’s spool cotton, 60 pieces Muslin and Calico. Cond. Cash on Del. Oct. 27″
    Reference for #25: “Charleston Daily Courier,” (Charleston, S.C.), #16864, October 27, 1854, p. 3, c. 7 (advertisement)
  1. “Sales at Auction: ‘Wrecked Goods by R. & A.P. Caldwell’: On Thursday, the 2nd November, will be sold, at half past 10 o’clock, in the Savannah Steam Packet Wharf Stores, on account of the underwriters and all concerned, saved from the ship Delia Maria. 24 crates crockery, 49 anvils, 16 bundles wire, 83 smith’s hammers, 1 piece wire rope, 10 smith’s vises, 47 bundles frying pans, 41 boxes tin, A great quantity of holloware, 5 pigs block tin, 1 lot padlocks, 1 lot carpenter’s tools, 1 lot bar steel and iron, 240 pair blankets, pieces of Negro cloth, Paper, Cambric, 2 pieces cocoa matting, 1 lot dolls, etc. etc., and, 5 large pieces oil cloth. Cond. cash on del. Oct. 31″
    Reference for #26: “Charleston Daily Courier,” (Charleston, S.C.), #16867, October 31, 1854, p. 3, c. 6 (advertisement)
  1. “Sales at Auction: ‘Wrecked Goods by R. & A.P. Caldwell’: Tomorrow, the 15th inst. (November 15, 1854), will be sold in our stores at 10 o’clock on account of the underwriters and all concerned, saved from the ship Delia Maria. 6 pieces Brussels carpeting, 15 pieces Ingrain, 6 crumb cloths, 20 rugs, 5 mats, 1 piece green Baize, 4 pieces Alpaca, 3 quilts, 44 blankets, 11 pieces carpet binding, 23 pieces Grey Plains. Cond. cash on del. November 14″
    Reference for #27: “Charleston Daily Courier,” (Charleston, S.C.), #16879, November 14, 1854, p. 3, c. 7 (advertisement)
  1. “Sales at Auction: ‘Wrecked Goods by R. & A.P. Caldwell’: Tomorrow, the 22nd inst. (November 22, 1854), will be sold before our stores at half past 9 o’clock, on account of the underwriters and all concerned, saved from the ship Delia Maria. 1 roll Brussels carpeting, 2 rolls Ingrain carpeting, 12 rugs, 2 pieces green Baize, 42 blankets, 1 quilt, 1 piece broad cloth, 30 pieces calico & clack cambric, 1 lot waiters, holloware and dish covers, 1 lot crockery, 4 guns. Condit. cash on del. Nov. 21″
    Reference for #28: “Charleston Daily Courier,” (Charleston, S.C.), #16885, November 21, 1854, p. 3, c. 6 (advertisement)
  1. “Sales at Auction: ‘Wrecked Goods by R. & A.P. Caldwell’: On Wednesday, the 13th inst. (December 13, 1854), will be sold, at eleven o’clock, on Savannah Steam Packet Company’s Wharf, on account of the underwriters and all concerned, saved from the wreck of the ship Delia Maria. 30 tons Rail Road iron. Condit. cash Dec. 9
    Reference for #29: “Charleston Daily Courier,” (Charleston, S.C.), #16899, December 9, 1854, p. 3, c. 7 (advertisement)
  1. “Sales at Auction: ‘Wrecked Goods by R. & A.P. Caldwell’: This day, 20th instant (December 20, 1854), will be sold, on Brown’s Wharf at 11 o’clock, on account of the underwriters and all concerned, saved from the ship Delia Maria. 19 pieces of bagging, A quantity of slate, Cond. cash. Dec. 20″
    Reference for #30: “Charleston Daily Courier,” (Charleston, S.C.), #16910, December 20, 1854, p. 3, c. 7 (advertisement)
  1. “Sales at Auction: ‘Wrecked Goods by R. & A.P. Caldwell’: This day 16th inst. (January 16, 1855), will be sold, on Savannah Steam Packet Wharf, on account of all concerned, saved from the wreck of the ship Delia Maria. 1 chain, 1 windlass, 1 lot iron, etc. Cond. Cash. Jan. 16
    Reference for #31: “Charleston Daily Courier,” (Charleston, S.C.), #16930, January 16, 1855, p. 3, c. 3 (advertisement)

 






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